Social Structure in Trakya Region
Trakya Region, as all other parts of Turkey, has a rich ethnic and cultural structure. Trakya Region has received the largest share from the Turkish population in Balkans that have migrated to Turkey in different times since the establishment of the Republic of Turkey.
In addition to immigrants who constitute a large portion of the population in Trakya , the population of Romanis who have settled in the Region for a long time as significant representatives of nomadic culture is also very large compared to other regions. You can see Romanis in all settlements in Trakya .
Another group is the immigrants in the east of the region who came to the Region due to fast moving industrialization. This society consists of people from all over Turkey. Furthermore, people in the west of the Region who could not earn a satisfactory income are also seen as drifted away from their lands to industrial areas.
The fact that Trakya Region is a region with the lowest crime rate in Turkey, save the crimes along the borders (smuggling, human trafficking, etc.), is a significant statistic proving the culture of coexistence in Trakya .
The most important problem regarding the culture of living together is that the socioeconomic status of people with low income in the Region is below average. The fact that our citizens in the low income group live in separate districts in many town and city centers and have below-average physical conditions has an adverse impact on the lives of these people. Phenomena such as their failure to attend compulsory schooling, abstaining from applying to health institutions and requesting help from such places, having less information about service demands from public institutions compared to other sections of the society, and benefiting from such services inadequately show that people living in these districts have problems in integrating into society.
Fast industrialization experienced in the Region after the 1980's also affected the social structure. Those who came to Trakya from other regions as workers have particularly settled in the towns of Çorlu and Çerkezköy. Though to a lesser extent, the town of Lüleburgaz in Kırklareli province was also affected by the migration of these workers. Migrants are coming from all parts of Turkey. Labor force demand from the Organized Industrial Zones in the Region as well as from many industrial enterprises scattered in the areas outside of the OIZ shapes the amount of migration to these regions.
Even though some small difficulties can be experienced in integration by newcomers to the culture and values of the Region, it is generally accepted that a more successful integration has been experienced in the Region compared to similar parts in the world.
Further intensity in the industrial production in and in the vicinity of Istanbul and studies underway on shifting some industrial sectors in Istanbul to other regions indicate that the population pressure on Trakya Region will increase. Conditions such as the existence of two active harbors in Tekirdağ and suitability of the OIZ and other industrial zones with full infrastructures in the Region for new investments make the Region even more attractive for industrial enterprises. Though no serious social problems have been experienced so far in relation to migration, measures against population increase have to be taken.